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English Language Arts

In Upper Elementary we continue to give students the practical tools for encoding and decoding words, sentences, and paragraphs, yet this is never seen as an isolated exercise. With a more sophisticated level of language comes greater refinement in its use. While students continue to benefit from concrete experience with concepts in grammar and mechanics, they also explore the study of language as an ongoing creative process of research, ideas, and imagination.
Language: At this level, we support the development of language skills, including vocabulary, grammar, and reading comprehension, through a multi-faceted approach that follows the Montessori language continuum and utilizes both Montessori and leading research-based literacy materials. Through direct teacher instruction and independent work, students learn, hone, and master new skills in language development.

Spelling/Vocabulary: Students move from simple to more complex material in a sequential, logical manner that enables them to master important skills. They begin with the Words Their Way spelling curriculum and/or the Wordly Wise vocabulary program. As students progress, they work with a variety of language materials that meet their individual needs, including Classical Roots vocabulary card work and word study.

Writing: In addition to individualized Montessori language work, students participate in Writers’ Workshop three times a week. During these sessions, students receive purposeful mini-lessons on style, voice, word choice, organization, writing mechanics, and distinguishing between the writing components of expository and narrative writing. Lessons are modeled after literacy expert Lucy Calkins’s Reading & Writing Program developed at Columbia University’s Teachers College. This program focuses on writing fluency and honing one's own writing voice. Students learn to edit their prose as professional writers do, using a process called the Writer’s Conference.

Literature: UE students meet multiple times per week in small Literature Circles. In a roundtable format, they discuss a text, ask questions, and explore challenging literary concepts such as symbolism, theme, character, and plot development. During each session, students take on roles (e.g., summarizer, discussion director, word finder, connector) that empower them to participate, lead discussions, and gain multiple perspectives. Literature Circles help strengthen reading comprehension through discussion of open-ended questions, making predictions, reviewing character traits, identifying foreshadowing, and drawing inferences and conclusions. They also heighten awareness of author’s craft and how those elements can benefit a student’s own writing. Reading fluency is boosted through Reader’s Theater and other proven methods. We highly encourage reading aloud in school as well as at home.

In grades 4–6 our curriculum covers the following:
• Phonics
• Word study
• Grammar
• Language mechanics
• Handwriting and fine motor skills
• Writing
• Research skills
• Reading and literature for understanding
• Elements of literature
• Major genres
• Prose, poetry, plays
• Folktales, legends, myths
• Newspapers and current events
• Sayings, phrases, idioms
• Oral reading
• Oral language

Inly School

46 Watch Hill Drive | Scituate, MA 02066
Tel: 781-545-5544 | Fax: 781-545-6522
Welcome to Inly, a private, independent Montessori school with innovative programs that inspire toddlers, preschool and K-8 students to become independent, lifelong learners. Our inviting community draws students from 20 towns on the South Shore of Boston,
including Scituate, Cohasset, Hingham, Norwell, Hanover, Marshfield, Pembroke, Plymouth and Hull.